Users complain about poor performance of M1 Mac Thunderbolt 4 port
- An American company made 0.7nm chips: EUV lithography machines can’t do it
- CVE-2007-4559 Python vulnerability ignored for 15 years puts 350,000 projects at risk of code execution
- RISC-V only takes 12 years to achieve the milestone of 10 billion cores
- 14000 cores + 450W: RTX 4080 graphics card perfectly replaces the RTX 3080
- Big upgrade: The difference between Bluetooth 5.0 and 5.2
- Geeks Disappointed that RTX 4080/4090 doesn’t come with PCIe 5.0
- What are advantages and disadvantages of different load balancing?
Users complain about poor performance of M1 Mac Thunderbolt 4 port, or halving the speed of 10Gb/s mobile solid-state drives.
9to5Mac cites professional user reports that the transfer rate of the M1 Mac’s external SSD is disappointing.
Neither the 2021 16-inch MacBook Pro (M1 Pro) nor the 2022 Mac Studio (M1 Max) support USB 3.1 Gen 2 well—meaning they struggle to achieve 10 Gbps data transfer.
We have complained about the confusion caused by different USB-C standards, devices, and cables many times before, especially the significant difference between the theoretical and measured maximum transfer rates.
Eclectic Light states:
● USB 3.0 (SuperSpeed) support 5 Gb / s.
● USB 3.1 Gen 2 (SuperSpeed +) support 10 Gb / s.
● USB 3.2 (SuperSpeed +) support 10 Gb / s.
● USB 3.2 Gen 2×2 supports 20 Gb/s.
However, after Howard Oakley tested the Thunderbolt 4 ports on two M1 Macs, he was surprised to find that the specifications had shrunk.
Among them, the Mac Studio (M1 Max model) is equipped with 32GB unified memory + 2TB built-in SSD, and is connected to the Studio Display.
In addition, the 16-inch MacBook Pro (M1 Pro model) is also equipped with 32GB unified memory + 2TB built-in SSD, and uses the internal screen to display.
Oakley also pre-tested with an Intel Mac (connected to a 10 Gb/s port) to prove that the SSD and USB cables on hand are compatible.
The cable model covers the certified Thunderbolt 4 version and the supplied USB-C data cable, and is judged by the USB rate information given in the system.
The free Stibium 1.0 (55) included with the SSD speed test software will write a total of 160 files ranging in size from 2 MB to 2 GB into a folder on the SSD and read back to evaluate the device’s performance. Comprehensive performance.
Oakley then compared the SSD performance on the Intel/M1 Mac again, and found that the measured performance on the new Apple Silicon machine was indeed low.
The problem, says Oakley, is that external solid-state storage devices are only running about half as fast as expected, a limitation that seems to be pervasive on all M1 Macs.
Using a Thunderbolt 4 cable to connect a USB-C device to the front port on the Mac Studio (M1 Max) also measured 10% slower than expected.
9to5Mac’s Ben Lovejoy pointed out that since November 2020, the Thunderbolt port of any M1 device doesn’t seem to be capable of 10 Gbps (at least for SSDs).
In other words, even the latest Mac Studio doesn’t support USB 3.2 Gen 2. Relatively better, only the front port on the Mac Studio (M1 Max).
To sum it up, for users who often use SATA / USB-C external storage to perform Time Machine backups, the performance impact is relatively limited – just down the expected 500 MB/s transfer rate to around 400 MB/s.
Only when the transfer rate is close to 10 Gbs – such as a RAID array with USB 3.1 Gen 2 (rather than Thunderbolt 3), or NVMe SSD – the expected 900 MB/s transfer rate is halved below 500 MB/s (Meaning double the time required to read and write).
At present, there are two main speculations: First, if Apple knew that the problem was caused by a bug in the Fabric core firmware, it should have been fixed as early as a year ago.
Second, if the M1-series chips are a problem, the company should also notify users of compatibility flaws in these ports.
Finally, if you’re using the M1 Mac device released in the last year and a half and don’t want to be held back by this shortcoming, the only way to circumvent it seems to be the Thunderbolt 3 docking station (or the USB Hub port on the Studio Display).
- DIY a PBX (Phone System) on Raspberry Pi
- How to host multiple websites on Raspberry Pi 3/4?
- A Free Intercom/Paging system with Raspberry pi and old Android phones
- DIY project: How to use Raspberry Pi to build DNS server?
- Raspberry Pi project : How to use Raspberry Pi to build git server?